True Colors (personality) Test
Don Lowry created the True Colors personality type system in 1978. It categorizes four learning styles using different colors, to identify the strengths and challenges of each type. This personality index is a refined version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The main concept is that everyone's personality is a combination of all four colors, with the dominant two colors representing the core of their personality temperament.
The True Colors test emphasizes that people's personalities are not confined to one type over another. It accounts for changes to one's personality in different environments or situations.
Meanings of Each Color Personality
Green personalities are independent thinkers. Gold personality types are sensible and practical planners. Orange personality types are very action-oriented. Blue types are out-going and people-oriented.
People who are ORANGE are often spontaneous and flamboyant. They need a lot of variety and freedom. They take pride in being highly skilled and in being able to do several things at a time. They enjoy "hands on" work and often are good in a crisis. They are risk takes, seek challenges and are optimistic.
People who are GREEN value competency and want to understand and control the realities of life. They are analytical and enjoy solving problems and developing systems. They sometimes don't express emotions openly, but they do experience deep feelings. The world of ideas is important to them. They love intelligence and logic, and hate redundancy. They are often critical of themselves and others. They take a skeptical approach and need proof.
People who are GOLD as their primary color like to fit in or belong. They tend to be reliable people who enjoy serving others. Things that are very important to them are tradition, home and family. They need order and structure, and are loyal and generous by nature. They are comfortable with rules and routine, and require punctuality and organization. They don't like waste or change. They tend to plan ahead.
People who are BLUE enjoy close relationships, and are sensitive to underlying feelings. Harmony and integrity are very important. These people are often very creative or they enjoy the creative works of others. They dislike hypocrisy and are natural nurturers.
Four Temperaments Theory
The Four Temperaments psychological theory says that there are four fundamental personality types: Sanguine, Choleric, Melancholic and Phlegmatic. The Four Temperaments theory argues that while people may primarily fall into one of the temperaments, they are usually a mixture between two or more.
The theory was developed by the Greek physician Hippocrates. The theory was improved and built upon by Galen, a Roman philosopher. He was responsible for naming the four temperaments.
The Four Temperaments
The likable personality type, Sanguines are typically sociable and charismatic. They enjoy and are adept at meeting and making new friends in social gatherings and are pleasant and confident. Sanguines are typically warm-hearted and compassionate, with a sensitive side. Creative and talkative, it is easy to see what draws people to sanguine personality types.
Their somewhat impulsive nature render some sanguines forgetful, which can manifest itself, in some cases, as chronic lateness. Sarcasm can also be a biting trait of a sanguine personality type.
Those who are of the choleric temperament tend to be ambitious and comfortable in leadership positions. They attack their tasks passionately, with aggression and zeal. They are typically adept at planning and and are efficient in their work, often inspiring others to do well due to their charismatic personalities.
Cholerics can also be overly dominant or tyrannical, and may experience severe "moodiness" when they fail to meet their goals or experience set-backs. Many great military leaders and political figures are of the choleric temperament.
The true-blue introvert, the melancholic personality tends to be thoughtful, considerate, and ponderous. Those with a melancholic personality are creative and independent, preferring to do things alone in order to meet their own high standards. Melancholics can be schedule-oriented, often leading to perfectionism, and, as a result, can be difficult to please. However, procrastination is also typical, as melancholics tend to remain in the "planning stage" of a project for too long a time. Those with a melancholic personality prefer to remain in the background because of their generally cautious nature.
Melancholics are susceptible to depression and moodiness, and can be self-oriented due to their innate introversion, which can in turn make them difficult to relate to. Many melancholics are highly creative, most noticeably in art, poetry, and invention.
Famous Melancholic Personalities: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, George Washington, Warren Buffett, Mother Teresa
Relaxed, content, and accepting, Phlegmatics can be rightfully labeled as the most easy-going of the four temperaments. They are often noticed for their kind, attentive and affectionate natures. They prefer to observe the life around them rather than take an active role in it, often endeavoring to inspire others to do good instead of taking action themselves. Although shy and quiet, Phlegmatics are often curious and diplomatic, as well as reliantly rational.
Phlegmatics typically have a fear of change and uncertainty, and can be seen as stubborn and even lazy. They tend to deal with problems passive-aggressively rather than facing them head on.
Myers-Briggs Personality Type Index
The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a questionnaire that indicates differing psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers created the MBTI theory after studying Carl Jung's Psychological Types. Briggs wanted to find a practical use for the theory of psychological types.
There are 16 personality types in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. They are based on four different preferences, or dichotomies: Attitudes, perception, decision-making and lifestyle preference. If you want to take the test yourself, this is a great one.
Introversion vs. Extroversion
Introverts are thought-oriented while extroverts are more action-oriented. An introverted person would rather have a depth of knowledge on one topic while an extrovert would rather be somewhat knowledgeable on many topics. Extroverts prefer frequent interactions with people, but introverts prefer fewer, but more substantial interactions.
Sensing vs. Intuition
Sensing and intuition are the ways different people gather information. People who prefer sensing are more likely to trust present and concrete information (that can be understood through the five senses). Those who prefer intuition trust information that is less dependent on the senses and more on association with other information. These people find meaning in the underlying theory, or principles that are found in the data.
Thinking vs. Feeling
Thinking and feeling are the decision-making functions. Those who prefer thinking make decisions based on what seems reasonable or logical, based on a given set of rules. Those who prefer feeling choose to decide by empathizing with the situation to achieve the greatest harmony or fit, considering the needs of those involved.
Those with a preference for thinking, do not necessarily "think better" than those who prefer feeling. It is simply a preference, and not a reflection of ability.
Judging vs. Perception
Those with a preference for judging prefer to show the world their preferred judging function, either thinking or feeling. According to Myers, juding types prefer to "have matters settled". These people will appear to the world as either logical or empathetic. Those who prefer perception show the world their preferred perceiving function, either sensing or intuition. These people will appear as either concrete or abstract. Perceptive types like to "keep decisions open".
Read more about personality tests on the Quibblo Blog: The Best Personality Quizzes on Quibblo Right Now