ACC Les Albin Human Anatomy Exam #4, Part One

by: gallegossm
  1. 1

    To get from the subclavian artery to the brachial arter, blood must flow through

  2. 2

    The human body has only one ______ but has two of each of the rest of these vessels.

  3. 3

    Most blood from the brain flows down the internal jugular veins and then into

  4. 4

    How many pulmonary arteries empty into the right atrium of the heart?

  5. 5

    The anterior and posterior communicating arteries are found in

  6. 6

    The major deep veins of the forearm are the ____ on the medial side and the ___ on the later side.

  7. 7

    Which of the following veins does not occur in the upper extremity?

  8. 8

    All of the following are supplied by branches of the celiac trunk except

  9. 9

    The last branch off the aortic arch is

  10. 10

    Near the elbow, the brachial artery branches and gives rise to

  11. 11

    The hepatic portal vein receives blood from all of the following except

  12. 12

    A weakened vessel that bulges when the heart contracts is called

  13. 13

    At any given moment, most of the body's blood is in

  14. 14

    What is the principal tissue of the tunica interna

  15. 15

    What layer of the vessel wall facilitates vasoconstructions and vasodilation?

  16. 16

    Blood pressure is highest is the

  17. 17

    Veins with thin walls, large lumens, and no smooth muscle are

  18. 18

    Fenestrated capillaries

  19. 19

    Which of the following is associated with veins but not arteries?

  20. 20

    The middle layer of the blood vessel is called the

  21. 21

    In _______ capillaries, there are numerous filtration pores through endothelial cells.

  22. 22

    The partially digested fluid that passes from the stomach into the small intestine is

  23. 23

    Which muscle(s) contract(s) during forced expiration?

  24. 24

    What happens when the diaphragm contracts?

  25. 25

    Which is not true of nasal conchae?

  26. 26

    A thin membrane that covers the surface of the lung is called.

  27. 27

    The glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves carry signals from the peripheral chemoreceptors to

  28. 28

    Which of the following is not a function of the respiratory system?

  29. 29

    The smallest passageways in the lung to have ciliated epithelia are

  30. 30

    Which of the following is most important in keeping food out of the trachea?

  31. 31

    The hilum of the lung is on its

  32. 32

    The _____ of the lung lies on the diaphragm

  33. 33

    _______ protect(s) the lungs from overinflation.

  34. 34

    Pulmonary surfactant is product by

  35. 35

    The largest of the following is

  36. 36

    The lower respiratory tract begins at

  37. 37

    The air passages beneath the conchae that create turbulence within the nasal cavity are

  38. 38

    Which of the following correctly lists the order in which air flows through the respiratory tract?

  39. 39

    The formed elements most directly responsible for humoral immunity are

  40. 40

    Which of the following statements about larger lymphatics is correct?

  41. 41

    Where are the germinal centers located?

  42. 42

    What are Peyer patches, and where are they located?

  43. 43

    Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?

  44. 44

    The starch-digesting enzymes of the saliva and pancreatic juice are called _______.

  45. 45

    Bile gets is yellow-green color mainley from

  46. 46

    The release of bile into the duodenum is controlled by

  47. 47

    Bacteria-destroying macrophages are found in sinusoids of

  48. 48

    The swallowing center is located in

  49. 49

    Blood has all of the following functions except

  50. 50

    Blood serum is essentially the same as blood plasma, except that plasma contains _____ and serum does not.

  51. 51

    Leukopoiesis is

  52. 52

    Erythrocytes transport oxygen and serve to

  53. 53

    The ____ is especially involved in breaking up old erythrocytes and disposing of the cellular remains.

  54. 54

    The least abundant leukocytes in normal circulating blood are

  55. 55

    A deficienty of circulating leukocytes is called

  56. 56

    Which of the following is a normal hematrocrit value?

  57. 57

    Which of the following is not one of the formed elements of blood?

  58. 58

    ______ are formed elements of the blood that are not and never were true cells.

  59. 59

    Antibodies belong to a class of plasma proteins called

  60. 60

    Which of the followng is not a component of hemostasis?

  61. 61

    Tissue macrophages develop from

  62. 62

    Which of the following cells is far larger than all the others?

  63. 63

    Mechanisms for stopping bleeding are called

  64. 64

    How many molecules of oxygen can each molecule of hemoglobin carry?

  65. 65

    Which of the following is a characteristic of mature red blood cells?

  66. 66

    What is the most abundant type of white blood cells.

  67. 67

    The coronary arteries arise from

  68. 68

    If the chordae tendinae of an animal's heart were cut, the most likely effect would be

  69. 69

    Blood leaves the right ventricle through

  70. 70

    The innermost lining of the heart wall is

  71. 71

    An anatomical arrangement that reduces the risk for myocardial infarctions is

  72. 72

    Which of the following vessels are in the coronary sulcus?

  73. 73

    What is the outer, fibrous covering of the heart that is made up of dense irregular connective tissue?

  74. 74

    Which of the following carries oxygen poor blood to the lungs from the heart?

  75. 75

    A myocardial infarction

  76. 76

    What structures pull on the chordae tendinae and hold them taut during ventricular contraction:

  77. 77

    A drop pf blood returning from the big toe would enter the heart through what vessel?

  78. 78

    Valves are found in the

  79. 79

    The blood vessel layer found in the capillaries is the

  80. 80

    When your blood pressure is taken at the doctor's office, the diastolic reading measures

  81. 81

    Which of the following white blood cell types are NOT phagocytes?

  82. 82

    If you have Type A blood, then

  83. 83

    The thoracic duct

  84. 84

    Which of the following organs filter lymph and allow it to be monitored by the immune cells that reside there?

  85. 85

    Lymph enters the blood stream at the

  86. 86

    Both lymph and venous blood flow are heavily dependent on:

  87. 87

    Lymph leaves a lymph node via:

  88. 88

    Most of the gas exchange occurs between air and blood occurs in the

  89. 89

    Expiration of exhalation during quiet breathing occurs because of

  90. 90

    Which of the following statements is true?

  91. 91

    The serous membrane that surrounds each lung is called the

  92. 92

    Air moving into the lungs goes from the trachea into the

  93. 93

    Air moving into the lungs goes from the trachea into the

  94. 94

    The glottis

  95. 95

    Most oxygen is carried in the blood by being

  96. 96

    The volume of air that is inhaled or exhaled with each normal resting breath is the

  97. 97

    The respiratory control centers are located in the

  98. 98

    In which of these areas is the level of carbon dioxide the highest?

  99. 99

    Most of the carbon dioxide being transported from the tissues to the lungs is in the blood in the form of

  100. 100

    The most important chemical stimulus for breathing is

  101. 101

    The heart is found within the

  102. 102

    The serous membrane of the heart is called the

  103. 103

    The protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen is called

  104. 104

    In a healthy individual, the most numerous leukocytes are the

  105. 105

    Leon's blood was determined to be AB positive. What does this mean?

  106. 106

    The inner lining of the heart is the

  107. 107

    Blood is carried to capillaries in the myocardium by way of

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