Meaning of Explanation Text

Explanation text according to Restuti (2013: 85) is a text that explains or explains the process or natural and social phenomena. While Mahsun (2013: 189) said that the explanatory text is an arrangement with a structure consisting of parts that show a general statement (opening) a series of explanations (content) and interpretation / closing.

Chapter 1

Explanation Text

by: danuaji

Explanation text according to Restuti (2013: 85) is a text that explains or explains the process or natural and social phenomena. While Mahsun (2013: 189) said that the explanatory text is an arrangement with a structure consisting of parts that show a general statement (opening) a series of explanations (content) and interpretation / closing.

In general, explanatory texts are texts that explain the process of natural, social, scientific, and cultural phenomena that occur in daily life. Explanation text tells the procedure or process of the phenomenon so that the reader can gain an understanding of the background of the phenomenon clearly and logically. In the explanatory text many use or contain facts and statements that have a causal relationship (causality). These causes and effects are derived from a collection of facts from the results of searches and observations of the phenomena observed by the author


Purpose of the Explanation Text

From the explanation of the explanatory text that has been explained above it can be concluded that the explanatory text is a text that has the aim to explain a process of natural or social events naturally based on facts. The explanatory text itself may actually have been read in various media or newspapers. It's just that, maybe you do not know that the text you have read is one type of explanatory text. Usually, the explanatory text will explain the latest news. Thus, reading explanatory text is very beneficial for the reader. Reading explanatory texts will provide readers with knowledge about new things that are happening.


Benefits of Explanation Text

The benefits of explanatory texts are as follows.

1. Reading explanatory texts will increase knowledge for readers and create an intellectual generation of young people who are intellectually intelligent.

2. Adding insight to the reader about the process of a phenomenon that occurs in the natural environment and in the social environment.

3. Add insight to the reader about things that are scientific.


Explanation text structure according to Mahsun (2013) explanatory text consists of:


   General Statement


General statements contain general explanations about the phenomena discussed, which can be an introduction to the phenomenon or an explanation. The general explanation written in this text is a general description of what, why and how these natural events can occur.


   Rows of Descriptions (Cause and Effect)


This explanatory sequence contains a description of the process of why the phenomenon can occur or is created and can consist of more than one paragraph. Rows of explanations describe and detail the causes and consequences of a natural disaster that occurred.


   Interpretation (Optional)


        This section is the concluding text that is optional; not a requirement. The concluding text referred to here is the text which is the essence or conclusion of a general statement and explanatory series. Optionally it can take the form of responses or conclusions on the statements contained in the text.


Characteristics of the Explanation Text

The characteristics of the explanatory text are as follows.

1. The structure consists of general statements, having cause and effect and interpretation.

2. Information published is based on facts or facts.

3. These facts contain scientific information.


Rule of Language Explanation Text

Language rules or language characteristics used in explanatory texts in general are as follows.

1. Load information based on facts. So, the main characteristic of explanatory texts is to explain something according to facts. Thus, the writer must really know the events that are told with certainty because what is written is in the form of facts not mere essays.

2. Focus on general things (generic) and not human participants (nonhuman participants),

3. Discuss scientific information,

4. Be informative and not try to influence the reader to believe it,

5. Use more material and relational verbs,

Relational verbs emphasize verbs or verbs that function as a link between subject and complement. Sentences that contain relational verbs must have a complement, otherwise the sentences will look confused. The sentence structure of the relational verb is Subject + relational verb + Complementary. Example: Brother is the oldest sister. The sister as a subject, is a relational verb, and the oldest child as a complement that must exist.

6. Using time and causal conjunctions. Example: If, if, so, before, first and then.

7. Use passive sentences.

Passive sentences are sentences whose subject is prior to the predicate. Passive sentences are sentences whose subjects are subject to an action or activity. Passive sentences are usually preceded by a pre- or di- prefix. The characteristics of the passive sentence are the subject as a sufferer; The predicate has an increase in, or, or even; The predicate is in the form of persona (the person pronoun, followed by a verb that loses the prefix).

Passive sentences consist of two namely transitive and intransitive passive sentences. Transitive passive sentences are sentences that have passive objects. For example, guava is thrown by the priest; Andi's novel is read in the room; Ali's cellphone was trampled on by Anita. While intransitive passivity is a passive sentence that does not have a direct object or a complement to the sufferer. For example, Books are bought; The car is being washed; The hat was thrown into the river.

8. Explanations are written to justify that something explained causally is true.


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